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Whenever one considers Bengal, one of the primary things to spring up to us, just after the fish and desserts, is its flourishing saree industry. Sarees structure a vital piece of each Bengali lady’s closet and one of the most well known materials that gloat of a rich history and legacy is the Jamdani saree. Prominently known as Dhakai Jamdani or basically Dhakai, this craft of material winding around has its underlying foundations in Dhaka, Bangladesh. Viewed as one of best assortment of muslin that is handwoven from cotton, the workmanship prospered under the Mughal support. Indeed, even the name, Jamdani, is of Persian beginning and comes from “jam” importance bloom and “dani” meaning container. The name is reminiscent of the wonderful botanical themes on these sarees.

Origin and history:-

The name Jamdani is of Persian beginning and is emphatically reminiscent of Mughal impact. It is a compound word wherein “jam” signifies blossom and “dani” signifies container. The name is reminiscent of the delightful botanical themes that decorate these dazzling sarees. The Bengali adaptation of the name, Dhakai, comes from the spot of its starting point – Dhaka in Bangladesh. Strangely, the earliest notice of Jamdani sarees can be found in Chanakya’s Arthashastra, tracing all the way back to the third century BC! The book alludes to it as some fine material from “Bangla” and “Pundra” district. Huge notices of Jamdani can likewise be found in the book of Periplus of the Erythraean Sea, other than the records of Arab, Chinese and Italian explorers and dealers. In the principal half of the nineteenth century, James Taylor depicted the bloomed Jamdani. The late nineteenth century saw the Anglicization of established Indian ideas and therefore, TN Mukharji alluded to this texture as Jamdani muslin.

However Jamdani has delighted in colossal notoriety right all along, the artistic expression blossomed during the Mughal time frame. Notwithstanding, colonization by the British saw a decrease in the development of this texture. Commodity of less expensive yarn from European nations in the nineteenth century was one of the essential explanations behind the downfall of Jamdani. Likewise, with the decay of Mughal rule in India, makers of Jamdani were denied of their most persuasive supporters. Towns like Madhurapur and Jangalbadi, once popular for the mind boggling Jamdani industry, blurred into obscurity. Post the parcel, numerous weavers moved to introduce day West Bengal, and that noticeable the start of the work of art in India.

Current state of the art:-

Regardless of all the in addition to focuses, the work of art has seen a decay as the weavers don’t track down the calling as compensating any longer. While trying to restore this craftsmanship, a Jamdani Palli has been laid out close to Dhaka. Moreover, associations like Radiant Institute of Design, Shanto Mariam University of Creative Technology, National Institute of Design (NID) and others are assisting originators with making new Jamdani plans. One of the best and most costly materials to work with, planners see vast potential outcomes with this lovely weave and are taking a strong fascination with it. Originator Gaurang Shah, one of the trailblazers to have displayed the Jamdani winds on the incline, has worked broadly with this material and targets resuscitating the adoration for this delightful texture in India, yet from one side of the planet to the other. He feels that Jamdani is the ideal articulation of India’s exquisite and itemized legacy. His perplexing plans are rejuvenated with smart dashes of Dhakai work that have taken the spotlight at numerous global shows world over. He doesn’t name his work as he accepts that a definitive credit for every creation goes to the weavers.

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